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我生活在山东半岛的一个山水城市。瘦露透的太湖石和江北最大的老龙湾竹林更使家乡美轮美奂。瘦石访竹的由来如此。为美丽的家乡而骄傲的同时,我愿做龙湾翠竹一片:当冬天来临,其他树木穿上冬装的时候我依然穿着不分季节的绿裙,能给您的视野带来一笼葱绿,好让您盼望着春夏秋脚步的走来。石门坊的红叶永远是火红的,太阳永远东升西落,只要我们彼此珍重,友情永远像翠竹长青,像红叶热情!

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猴子取食与人才岗位  

2009-07-21 14:34:51|  分类: 教育随笔 |  标签: |举报 |字号 订阅

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          美国加利福尼亚大学的学者做了这样一个实验:把6只猴子分别关在3间空房子里,每间两只,房子里分别放着一定数量的食物,但放的位置高度不一样。第一间房子的食物就放在地上,第二间房子的食物分别从易到难悬挂在不同高度的适当位置上,第三间房子的食物悬挂在房顶。数日后,他们发现第一间房子的猴子一死一伤,伤的缺了耳朵断了腿,奄奄一息。第三间房子的猴子也死了。只有第二间房子的猴子活的好好的。


        究其原因,第一间房子的两只猴子一进房间就看到了地上的食物,于是,为了争夺唾手可得的食物而大动干戈,结果伤的伤,死的死。第三间房子的猴子虽做了努力,但因食物太高,难度过大,够不着,被活活饿死了。只有第二间房子的两只猴子先是各自凭着自己的本能蹦跳取食,最后,随着悬挂食物高度的增加,难度增大,两只猴子只有协作才能取得食物,于是,一只猴子托起另一只猴子跳起取食。这样,每天都能取得够吃的食物,很好的活了下来。

 

        做的虽是猴子取食的实验,但在一定程度上也说明了人才与岗位的关系。岗位难度过低,人人能干,体现不出能力与水平,选拔不出人才,反倒成了内耗式的位子争斗甚至残杀,其结果无异于第一间房子里的两只猴子。岗位的难度太大,虽努力而不能及,甚至埋没、抹杀了人才,有如第三间房子里的两只猴子的命运。岗位的难度要适当,循序渐进,如同第二间房子的食物。这样,才能真正体现出能力与水平,发挥人的能动性和智慧。同时,相互间的依存关系使人才间相互协作,共渡难关。

 

 

 

 

      The US University of California's scholar has done this kind of experiment: Closes separately 6 monkeys in 3 spatial houses, each two, in the house are putting certain quantity food separately, but puts the position is highly dissimilar.Food first between house places ground, second between house food is hanging separately from Yi Daonan in the different high appropriate position, third between house food is hanging in the roof.After severalth, they discover the first house as soon as the monkey died a wound, the wound lacks the ear to break the leg, suffocated.The third between house monkey also died.Only then second house monkey live well.      Investigates its reason, as soon as the first house two monkeys entered the room to see ground food, therefore, in order to compete extremely easy to obtain food to wage a war, finally injuried the wound, died death.Although the third house monkey did has tried hard, because but food too was high, difficulty oversized, could not suffice, starves to death while still alive.Only then the second house two monkeys are first jump respectively by reason of own instinct take the food, finally, along with the hand food high increase, the difficulty increases, two monkeys only then cooperate to be able to obtain food, therefore, a monkey picks up another monkey to jump takes the food.Thus, can obtain food every day which suffices to eat, very good has lived down.       Although does is the monkey takes the food the experiment, but also explained the talented person and the post relations to a certain extent.The post difficulty excessively is low, everybody is competent, cannot manifest ability and the level, cannot select the talented person, on the contrary became the internal friction -like seat battle even to massacre, its result was no different with in the first between house two monkeys.The post difficulty too is big, although diligently and cannot and, even buried, has written off the talented person, had like in the third house two monkey's destinies.The post difficulty must be suitable, proceeds in an orderly way, is similar to the second house food.Thus, can manifest ability and the level truly, displays human's activity and the wisdom.At the same time, the interdependence relations causes between the talented person to cooperate mutually mutually, altogether tides over the difficulty.

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